ICO Meaning: Learn ICO Investment (and how it works)

by The 'Staunch

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Remember the age before computer when there’s nothing like ICO Investment, and raising money for business projects can be as hard as cracking a palm nut, just because, the medium necessarily required to reach out to investors are scarce, and in that way, trust always comes in the way whenever money is involved.

Now, being the computer age, a lot of things are possible, especially, from the aspect of ICO means of raising funds for industrial business ideas, including all other kinds of ventures that require initial funds raising.

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Similarly, new businesses are always popping up here and there, and trust us when we say that, majority of the new businesses mostly, don’t normally have all the required fund to startup fully, so they tend to engage in fund raising to attract a little bit of investment from interested investors.

Initially, it was all about going to the banks to apply for loan or going for community bank overdrafts to gather funds for any business project.

However, as things evolve, and challenges keeps coming up which led to the findings of easier way to raise funds, new things keeps coming out. Thanks to cryptocurrency which opened a new door of raising funds for big project, and that which happens to be the popular Initial Coin Offering (ICO).

Initial coin offering being brought out of the cryptosystem has its own challenges which is more riskier than when agreements are done by signing papers face-to-face.

ICO most times faces the challenges of money-making schemes and scams, but aside that, it is a great way of raising fund that is better than any financial institution.

Initial coin offering being brought into the cryptocurrency world to make fund raising easier, some very bad eggs have also attached themselves to the whole idea, which brings more problems.

What are the ICO problems?

Hackers are always hunting ICO programs to hijack all the investors’ money. Just like CoinDash ICO official website, hackers where able to change the smart contact address of the ICO into their own. This resulted into the loss almost $7 million of investment.

Well, when such thing happens you may suspect the insiders of the project company, but no one can be sure until it’s proven.

Well, in that case of CoinDash, investigations are still going on to find out what actually happened, and how the scam started.

By the way, we just cannot go further, without discussing the ICO Meaning, and that’s why we have to take a little time to explain what ICO is all about.

What exactly is ICO (Initial Coin Offering)?

First of all, ICO stand for an acronym – Initial Coin Offering. It is a process where blockchain start-ups offer investors some units of their new cryptocurrency projects (or tokens) in exchange for investments (i.e. other cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum).

ICOs are being used since 2013 as crowd-fund to realize seed money for marketing, promoting proof-of-concept (POC) and development of new crypto-projects and/or products (mostly new coins).

What is the history of ICOs (Initial Coin Offerings)?

Matercoin being the first ICO in 2013, was able to make up to $600,000 USD in bitcoins, after announce its inception on the bitcoin talk forum.

Just after that, ethereum in 2014, became the next ICO that was announced in the space. The ethereum platform collected almost 31,500 BTC (i.e. $18.4 million dollars) from investors in exchange for ETH.

What is ICO cryptocurrency?

ICO cryptocurrency is a token, and tokens are objects that represents something else (physically or virtually), or even a concept. And there are different types of token which ICO happens to be one of them that is issued out to investors when new cryptocurrency is about to be introduced in the cryptocurrency world.

These tokens are given to investors in exchange of other coins to fund for new cryptocurrency project venture. These tokens are sold out to the interested early backers of the project in exchange for cryptocurrencies like bitcoin etc.

How ICO is done and how it works

There are three strategies that these projects normally follow:

Firstly – The project/DApp is promoted to a community where there are likely to be investors that will like to buy. This is why Bitcoin Talk Forum Altcoin Section is so popular. All the information such as whitepaper, teams, roadmap, developments, experiences official website of the project is also made known openly to the community.

Secondly – At this stage, when a required hype has been achieved on their proof of concept, their ICOs are then announced on the cryptocurrency forum. They will also reveal all the informations regarding the new project to lure early investors interest into patronizing the ICO market. They also make it known to the investors how much of the ICOs will be sold and how the fund is intended to be distributed towards the whole development of a new coin.

Thirdly – As soon as the ICO stage is over, the projects coins or tokens are listed on the major exchanges. This is when most of the early investors are allowed to trade in the early acquired assets. At this stage also, the market-cap of the new cryptocurrency will still be fluctuating towards how much people value the new project application or protocol.

Now let’s talk about how ico token works. Most of these new projects are DApps (Decentralized Applications) on the blockchain protocols.

The whole concepts mostly, is to support these DApps and protocols using cryptocurrencies or tokens. They are designed in such a way that they’re only fueled from their native cryptocurrency (that is why most ICOs are based on Ethereum ER20 as their basic coin). This means that with time, they may become valuable and indispensable as the demand gains rise for that particular DApp protocol.

Recently, ICOs has been a very lucrative way of earning money from the cryptocurrency space, as there are almost 800 cryptocurrencies in the market.

It is quite fascinating how crowdfunding have actually changed into a new source of income for most crypto investors.

How to make money with ICOs

In the ICO section of the crypto-space, there is something great for everyone that is interested in following the path of investing in new projects despite the fact that there are also risky challenges involve.

However, in the time of ether ICO, you will be surprised to know how much the early investors of this protocol made by buying it’s ICOs at 1 BTC (which was worth $500 then) for 2000 ETH. Imagine having such number of Ethereum currently.

So these 2000 ETH in 2014, made a percentage increase of 88,000%, which is outrageous in profit, and it was worth more than $445,000 as at that time.

Now to make serious money with ICO investment, you can invest as little as $50 in new DApp protocols through cryptocurrencies. But be careful and aware, that this is not a safety way of making money online with cryptocurrency.

Blockchain being decentralized entirely, has a lot of its own challenges and risks.

Note: ICOs are highly unregulated, and is totally different from IPOs (Initial Protocol Offerings).

Difference between ICOs and IPOs

ICOs are:
1. Highly unregulated
2. Not backed by any government law
3. Not documented or have have any legal agreement
4. Not fraud free
5. Highly volatile in nature
6. Not limited to any nationality

While IPOs are:
1. Well regulated
2. Backed by governmental law
3. Documented with legal agreements
4. Protected and free from fraudulent activities
5. Less volatile
6. Are not always available to every nationality

What are the challenges of ICOs?

Possibly for investors, this can actually be one of the easiest ways of making money. But the risk are more than what can convince anyone to invest in ICOs.

These are challenges and how ICO scams work:

  1. Majority of the ICOs only exist as whitepapers, and not in reality.
  2. Not ICO is regulated or backed by governmental laws.
  3. Some ICOs are pump-and-dump schemes which are used to extort money and cryptocurrencies from investors.
  4. ICO tokens most times doesn’t have proper wallets for storage mechanism.
  5. An ICO project may have good proof of concept, but lack good development team.
  6. Most ICOs have pre-mined tokens which are used by the owners to manipulate the market-cap and execute the pump and dump scheme.

Even though all these challenges are involve in initial coin offering, you shouldn’t be demotivated to investor, but you need to do a very good research on any project you may decide to invest in its ICOs, because they’re really gems.

How do you participate in ICOs?

1. Stay Updated – One has to be fully updated before investing in any ico. Join bitcoin forums or popular cryptocurrency news websites to know what is going on in the market. Once you notice a new project, try and join their slack or telegram groups to find the details of how to acquire the initial coins.

2. Select Wallet – Most ICOs that are based on ethereum protocol, requires that you have a smart contract (ER20 or ER23) wallets in order to get the early tokens. You also need to know the currencies that are accepted for the particular project ICO.

3. Buy The Tokens – Once you have identified the best secured wallet to use for acquiring the token, you should go ahead and invest any amount you may decide to buy from the owners.

4. Time Factor – ICOs are listed according to time zones. Make sure you follow up and check your own time zone to know the difference with yours and their own time zone. Keep up with the timing to avoid missing out.

How to analyze ICOs for perfect investment:
As i have recealed before, investing ICOs is a great way to earn Bitcoin fast online, but there are a lot of things you have to research and check before attempting to participate just to avoid loosing your money to ICO scams.

How to judge if an ICO project is scam or legit investment

  • Check if the project is solving real life problem
  • Make sure they have strong leader or CEO or Founder
  • Check portfolio and history of the project
  • Make sure any one of the team members are not connected to past scam
  • Check the technical feasibility by taking a look at the whitepaper
  • They must have open and transparent community
  • Check if they identified the problem the project is solving in the whitepaper
  • Check the whitepapers with other whitepapers of other ICO projects to know if they’re copied or not
  • Listen to what the technical experts in bitcoin forums are saying about the project or DApp protocol
  • Check their roadmap and if the DApp protocol has any working demo (prototype).

Just know that not doing enough good analysis about a DApp protocol and project before investing in any ICO can land you into misfortune as well as some other financial problems.

In conclusion

ICO meaning both beneficial to the owners and also investors as crowd-funding techniques to raise money for their new projects, they’re also one of the most profitable ways to invest in the arbitration of cryptocurrencies to make heavy profit as an investor.